Multivitamins are the most commonly used supplements in the world.
Their popularity has increased rapidly in the past few decades. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21592424)
Some people believe that Multivitamins can improve health, make up for poor eating habits or even reduce the risk of chronic diseases.
What Are Multivitamins?
Multivitamins are supplements that contain many different vitamins and minerals, sometimes along with other ingredients.
There is no real standard about what constitutes a multivitamin, and their nutrient composition varies by brand and product.
They go by several different names, including Multivitamins, multivitals, multiminerals, multis, multiples or simply vitamins.
What Do Multivitamins Contain?
There are 13 vitamins and at least 16 minerals that are essential to health.
Many of them participate in enzymatic reactions in the body, or function as hormones, signaling molecules or structural elements.
The body needs these nutrients for reproduction, maintenance, growth and regulation of bodily processes.
Multivitamins may contain many of these vitamins and minerals, but in varying forms and amounts. They can also contain other ingredients like herbs, amino acids and fatty acids.
Multivitamins And Heart Disease
Heart disease is the most common cause of death worldwide. (https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death)
Results from observational studies on Multivitamins and heart disease are mixed. Some studies have found a reduced risk of heart attacks and death, while others have found no effects. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10909952)
A recent study found that among women, but not men, taking a multivitamin for at least three years was linked to a 35% lower risk of dying from heart disease. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25733474)
Multivitamins And Cancer
The evidence behind Multivitamins and cancer risk is also mixed.
One review looked at results from 5 randomized, controlled trials (the gold standard of research) with a total of 47,289 participants.
They found a 31% lower risk of cancer in men, but no effect in women. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16880453)
Two observational studies, one on women and the other on men, linked long-term multivitamin use with a reduced risk of colon cancer. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9758570, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9332757)
The Physicians’ Health Study II also found that long-term, daily multivitamin use reduced the risk of cancer in men with no cancer history. However, it had no effect on the risk of death during the study period. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23162860)
Do Multivitamins Have Any Other Health Benefits ?
Multivitamins have been studied for several other purposes, including brain function and eye health.
Several studies have found that multivitamin supplements can improve memory in older adults. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22939764, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22711385, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20110592)
Supplementation may also improve mood. This makes sense, because many studies have found links between poor mood and nutrient deficiencies. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10906550, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10719135, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16491668, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23377209)
Additionally, a few more studies have found that multivitamin supplements can improve mood or reduce depressive symptoms. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22095836, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10907676)
Age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of blindness, worldwide. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22559899)
One study found that taking antioxidant vitamins and minerals may slow down its progression. However, there is no evidence that they prevent the disease from developing in the first place. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23152201, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22696317)
There is also some evidence that Multivitamins can reduce the risk of cataracts, another very common eye disease. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24590236)
Who Should Take A Multivitamin ?
There are certain groups that may benefit from supplementing their diet with vitamins and minerals.
These include :
- The Elderly : Vitamin B12 absorption decreases with age, and elderly people may also need higher amounts of calcium and Vitamin D. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10448529, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17720017)
- Vegans & Vegetarians : These people are at high risk of Vitamin B12 deficiency, since this vitamin is only found in animal foods. They may also be lacking in Calcium, Zinc, Iron, Vitamin D and Omega-3 fatty acids. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23356638, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21139125)
- Pregnant & Breastfeeding Women : Pregnant and breastfeeding women should talk to their doctor about this. Some nutrients are needed, while others (like Vitamin A) can cause birth defects in large amounts. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7477116)
Others may benefit from taking Multivitamins as well. This includes people who have had weight loss surgery, are on low-calorie diets, have a poor appetite or don’t get enough nutrients from food alone for some reason.
While eating a balanced diet can often provide the necessary daily amount of vitamins and minerals that women need, for some, this might not be enough. But Multivitamins may help.
So whether you’re vegetarian and looking to improve your bone health, or prefer supplements in the form of gummies and need to boost your immune system, check out one of these Multivitamins as an alternative option to helping your body get the nutrients it needs.
Stay Healthy, Happy & Beautiful !
Here’s your way to health : Soulvit Multivitamins Supplement